ORLANDO, Fla. (Ivanhoe Newswire)—The concept of reciprocity, or paying back those who help you, is a central value in many cultures. But do kids instinctively understand this principle, or do they need to learn it?
Do kids understand reciprocity, the idea of returning a favor? For example, think of the popular adage, “You scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours.” Scientists conducted a series of studies to find out. They designed a computer game for four to eight-year-olds. In one experiment, another player gave the participants a sticker as an act of kindness. When the participants received an extra sticker to give away themselves, they consistently offered it to a random player, not the player who gave them the prize. But, when another player stole their sticker, they were quick to steal it back from that player.
Researchers say this experiment implies kids are naturally quick to act on their grudges and slow to return favors, but they believe children can learn how to give back. After hearing a story about reciprocating, the kids were much more likely to return the favor to the person who was kind to them, suggesting reciprocity can be taught.
This set of studies included a total of 330 children. Interestingly, one of the studies found that children may not reciprocate other’s good deeds because they may not understand the concept until around age seven.
Contributors to this news report include: Cyndy McGrath, Executive Producer; Kirk Manson, Field Producer; and Matt Goldschmidt, Editor.
Produced by Child Trends News Service in partnership with Ivanhoe Broadcast News and funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation